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Reading List: College and Career Readiness: Implications for the Content of Instruction for Secondary School English Learner Students

**Short, D. J., & Fitzsimmons, S. (2007). Double the Work: Challenges and Solutions to Acquiring Language and Academic Literacy for Adolescent English Language Learners. Washington, DC: Alliance for Excellent Education. Available at:


This report to the Carnegie Corporation of New York addresses the need for more guidance on meeting the academic literacy needs of adolescent English Learners. The report is based on recommendations from a panel of researchers, policymakers, and practitioners in the field convened by the Center for Applied Linguistics (CAL). The report offers solutions to a set of six primary challenges in improving literacy among this subpopulation.


Koelsch, N. (2006). Improving Literacy Outcomes for English Language Learners in High School: Considerations for State and Districts in Developing a Coherent Policy Framework. Washington, DC: National High School Center. Available at


In this research brief, Koelsch argues that states and districts have the opportunity to address and support literacy among English Language Learners (ELLs). She outlines keys issues to consider when improving instruction for ELLs (course patterns, special education, and graduation requirements), and includes possible ways to reform structural inequalities.


**This document is considered a priority reading.